The Markesan Journal
Editorials, Markesan, Wisconsin, 1861.
James Pond edited the Markesan Journal in Markesan, Wisconsin, from
1860, when he took over responsibility for the paper, to October, 1861, when he abruptly
resigned to organize Company C of the Third Wisconsin Cavalry. Many of the Journal's
issues for which Pond was editor have not survived.
Boyhood. Recollections of the West in the Forties." The Century Magazine,
Vol. LVIII, No. 6, 1899, pp. 929-937.
Pond's narrative offers his
recollections about his early life in Lake County, Illinois and Alto Township, Fond du Lac
County, Wisconsin, in the 1840's and 1850's.
Baxter's Springs Massacre, Letter
to the Janesville Gazette, October 28, 1863
Pond's own description of the attack by Quantrill on Pond's
garrison at Baxter's Springs, Kansas, detailing the brief, brutal battle for which Pond
earned the Medal of Honor.
Question Answered," from Eccentricities of
Genius, New York: G. W. Dillingham Company, 1900, pp. xvii-xxvi.
An autobiographical preface to Pond's portraits of the men and
women he managed on the Lyceum circuit, mentioning his early experience with the
underground railroad in Wisconsin and emphasizing his experiences with Mormonism in Utah.
Sumner," from Eccentricities of Genius, New York: G. W.
Dillingham Company, 1900, pp. 14-15.
An autobiographical piece relating a disillusioning 1858 encounter between
the great albolitionist spokesman and Pond's father, Willard Pond, in Ripon, Wisconsin.
"Samuel L. Clemens" from
Eccentricities of Genius, New York: G. W. Dillingham Company,
The journal account of Pond's 1895 journey across
North America with Mark Twain as manager of the first leg of Twain's world tour
(transcript on the University of Virginia electronic text site, courtesy of Stephen
Railton); Pond's photographs of the trip are included. His role in and publicity for
the 1884-85 tour of Twain and George W. Cable is also on the site, titled "Touring
with Cable and Huck"
The State Historical Society of Wisconsin arranged for the loan of five Civil War
Medals of Honor as part of its commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of the
American Civil War, among them those of James Pond and his brother, George Pond. Three of
the five medals were stolen while on display at the Society's museum in 1963, but owing to
some confusion as to which medals had been on display it was not immediately known which
were lost. As confirmed by the Pond family, James Pond's medal was not among the missing,
although brother George's was and has not been recovered.
James Pond's Markesan
Journal: The John Parker Exchanges
On April 26, 1861, twelve days after the surrender of Fort
Sumter, James B. Pond, twenty-three-year-old editor of the Wisconsin weekly, The
Markesan Journal, published an inflammatory editorial questioning the
patriotism of local citizens he chose not to name. His editorial precipitated an emotional
exchange of letters and additional editorials on the home front at the beginning of
the American Civil War.
Wisconsin Cavalry, Company C
Company C of the 3rd Wis Cav was recruited in central
Wisconsin by E. R. Stevens, 37-year-old Kingston merchant and former U. S. Marshal, and
James B. Pond, 23-year-old editor of the Markesan Journal. The unit was destined
not to engage in the war's most dramatic battles. Instead, it engaged in the guerrilla
warfare in Missouri, Kansas and the Indian Territory on the war's western border, referred
to as "the most devastating challenge to any notion of civility or virtue in
war." It was here that both Pond and his brother George distinguished themselves by
earning the Medal of Honor.
Massacre, New York Times, October 18, 1863
This two-column front page story appeared in the Times less than two weeks after
Quantrill's attack on Pond's garrison at Baxter's Springs, Kansas, detailing the brief,
brutal battle for which Pond earned the Medal of Honor.
Major J. B. Pond," Obituary, The Daily Northwestern, Oshkosh, Wisconsin,
June 22, 1903
Pond's career is summarized, with an emphasis on his later career as a lecture impressario
and references to his early occupations in Wisconsin in the printing and furniture
"Major J. B.
Pond," Obituary, Boston Evening Transcript, June 22, 1903
Pond's career is summarized, with an emphasis on his later career as a lecture manager and
reference to his experiences as a printer, associate of John Brown in Kansas, and Civil
Township, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, 1850 Federal Census (Willard Pond Family).
CWSAC Battle Summaries: Baxter Springs, American Battlefield
Lady Gregory Letter to James Pond, The Abbey
Theater Collection, Morris Library, Southern Illinois University at
James B. Pond Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin
(Microfilm). Originals of these papers remain in the possession of the James Pond
B. Pond Papers, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan.
James Stephens Materials, Morris Library, Southern
Illinois University at Carbondale.
"Mark Twain at the Aldine Club," The New York Times,
December 15, 1900.
The Mark Twain Archive, The Pond Collection,
Elmira College Gannett-Tripp Library.
Mark Twain Letter to William
Dean Howells, January 25, 1900, in The Selected Letters of Mark Twain, ed.
Charles Neider, New York: Harper and Row, 1982, p. 258-259.
Porter, Charles W. Journal,
1862-1865. State Historical Society of Wisconsin Archives.
Whitman, Walt. The Correspondence. Volume
IV: 1886-1889. The Collected Writings of Walt Whitman.
Ed. by Edwin Haviland Miller. 6 vols. New York: New York University
Wisconsin Adjutant General's Blue Book Records, Third Wisconsin Cavalry,
Company C, Commanding (PDF)